sadhusv api ca papesu
"A person is considered still further advanced when he regards honest well-wishers, friends, the neutral, mediators, the envious and enemies, the pious and the sinners all with an equal mind."
Sama buddhi = person with equality in view of all, visisyate = is the best qualified [among all qualified to perform yoga to get atman sakshatkaram]. In the last sloka also sama buddhi was mentioned- that he will view equally gold, stone and mud. Why then again sama buddhi? Last sloka was equality of view on inanimate objects and so it is possible to achieve that with some effort. Vey rich person may not be attracted by gold. Nor, the poor as they will find gold is beyond their reach. Even among us there are quite a few who are not lured by gold. Some may have peculiar health problems and they also may not need gold. So, this type of equality of view can be achieved by many on objects. Therefore, Sri Krishna feels that the person mentioned in sloka 9 is the best. He mentions here a variety of persons- relatives, friends, enemies, etc. He mentions nine types of people. First line indicates Seven types and second line lists two types. The first seven types are all related to an individual. The two types mentioned in the second line are common to the world. Suhrd = well wishers, who care for the well being of an individual, mitra = friend, ary = enemy, udasina = don't care persons, madhyastha = impartial persons, dvesya = persons with inherent hatred for an individual, bandhu = relatives. All these sevan types can be categorised into three groups. Suhrud, mitra and bandhu is one group. Dvesya and Ari is another group. Udasina and madhyastha is the third group. First group is favourable to us. Second group is against us and the third group is neutral and can switch to any side. Can we consider all equally? If one wants to pursue atman sakshatkaram, then it is possible. With detachment, he is not in need of any favours from the first group. Hatred by the second group is immaterial to him. So none can block or support the atman sakshatkaram, one is aiming at. Bandhu is blood related like one's parents. Ari is because he has a particular reason to foster enmity towards us. Dvesya has no reason but hates us. A hunter and the deer could be cited as example. Madhyasta judges a situation impatially and supports or opposes a person. Udasina, on the other hand, will switch sides depending on his gain or loss. Sadhu = persons who are committed to doing good to all, papi = creates problems for all. One who is trying to practice yogabyasam would view these two also alike. Therefore, the person who considers all these nine types of people equally, is the best suited for starting yogabyasam.