yada hi nendriyarthesu
na karmasv anusajjate
"A person is said to have attained atman sakshatkaram, when, having renounced all material desires, he neither acts for sense gratification nor engages in fruitive activities."
In the previous sloka two types of persons were mentioned. Arurusha is the one who has not got atman sakshatkaram but is practicing Karma yoga and slowly ascending towards the goal. Arudha is the one who has already attained atman sakshatkaram. How are we to spot these two categories of people? If we can identify Yogarudha, he second category, at least then we can deduce the first category. It is, this identification, explained here. Yada = when, arthesu = objects [of desire], na anusajjate = are not attracted by him or he has no desire for those objects. Na anusajjate = nor interested in, Karmasu = the actions or efforts to do a Karma to achieve anything which may give him worldly pleasures. He has no desire to perform any Karma that may lead to worldly happiness. First he is not interested in the materials of desire or their experience. Second, he does not show any interest even in the efforts leading to worldly pleasures. Sarva =all, sankalpa = desires or wishes, sanyasi = renounced. This is the third quality, that he has absolutely no desire for any worldly pleasures. These three symptoms identify the person who has got atman sakshatkaam. Sloka starts with yada - when, and ends tada -then. So the person when shows no interest in objects, when does not involve in the activities to achieve worldly pleasures and when he renounces the desire for such happiness, then he is accalimed to have got atman sakshatkaram. Here, karma anusjjyate - not involving in karma, is likely to be misunderstood. For attaining heavenly happiness Jyotishtoma homa is to be performed. Similarly, to obtain children puthrakameshti homam is to be performed. Is it that such Karmas are not to be performed, meant in this sloka? No, we have already discarded these much earlier. We are talking of those who are practicing Karma yoga. This itself suggests that such lower results are not intended. But, what is intended here is, even for the person after atman sakshatkaram, worldly necessities can not be abandoned totally. We have to eat, smell and see as we practice Karama yoga. We may not be interested in heaven or other materials, but we have to live to practice karma yoga and so we have to eat and do our daily routines. He renounces the desire to perform any karma for these daily requirements. Secondly, it is possible to think that this person renounces the prescribed duties for him to do daily or occasionally. This is also not correct. One has to perform the prescribed duties till and after he gets atman sakshatkaram. He abandons any effort required to experience beyond this daily duties. We may think it is very difficult to achieve this status. But the Lord in the 5th Chapter itself has suggested that if we dedicate all our actions in favour of the Lord, then we do not have to worry and doing these actions also would be pleasing. We can do our actions as service to Sri Thayar, then our efforts will bear fruit easily and without any hardship.
Sri Ponnadikal Jeeyar