yam sannyasam iti prahur
yogam tam viddhi pandava
na hy asannyasta-sankalpo
yogi bhavati kascana
"Scholars acclaim the gyana sans karma in Karma yoga as Gyana, know thus Oh! Son of Pandu. One who has not cast off the gyana [ that body and soul are different] can never become a karma yogi"
Earlier, Sri Krishna told that he, who practices Karma yoga without any desire for results, is a Gyana yogi, in the sense that both Karma yogi and Gyana yogi accomplish atman sakshatkaram. This was the essence of the First sloka. In the next, that is Second sloka, He further elaborates this theme. Yam =that which, sannyasam iti = is called Gyana by, prahur = learned people would call, tam = that Gyana is, yogam = [in] Karma yoga, viddhi= understand so, pandava = the Son of Pandu. Sanyasam means Gyana, as it is minus karma. The Knowledge or Gyana or sanyasam, acclaimed by learned persons, is part of Karma yoga. How Gyana could be part of Karma yoga was the doubt Arjuna had and Sri Krishna answers in the next line of the sloka. Asannyasta= unabandoned or unfailing, Sankalpa= determination or resolve [such a person], that is one who has not abandoned a knowledge or resolve. What is it he has not abandoned? He has no resolved thinking that atman and body are separate. So, this person is still clinging to the idea that atman and body are same. Such a person is called here asanyasta sankalpa. He, na yogi bhavati= never becomes a Karma yogi. How to correlate the two lines? First line says in Karma yoga, Gyana is a part. But the second line says that person who still considers atman and body are same, does not become a Karma yogi. Unless we are resolved that atman is different and it is superior to body, we will not begin Karma yoga. It becomes now clear that Gyana about atman, that it is different from body, is essential to start Karma yoga. So, this Gyana is part of Karma yoga and is acclaimed by scholars. What is atman yatamagyanam? How this is part of Karma yoga? Yatatma gyanam means deep thought or understanding a thing thoroughly. Therefore, atman yatatmagyanam means understanding thoroughly atman's true nature. A person with this knowledge, knows that atman and body are different and so he tries to seek more knowledge about atman and sets atman sakshatkaram as his objective. Therefore, he practices Karma yoga. Conversely, person practicing Karma yoga has this gyana. Some are likely to err in interpreting this sloka to mean that which is Gyana yoga is Karma yoga. We should be clear that Karma yoga and Gyana yoga are different. But, because both have atman sakshatkaram as the objective, there is no bar to praise a Karma yogi as Gyana yogi. He has the knowledge of a Gyana yogi, at the same time, he has not abandoned his rightful duties.
IMPORTANT NOTICE: SRI VELUKKUDI SWAMI WILL BE DELIVERING A LECTURE ON SRINIVASA KALYANAM ON THE NEW YEAR DAY  AT VIDYA BHARATI KALYANA MANDAPAM, BHEEMASENA GARDENS STREET, MYLAPORE, CHENNAI, BETWEEN 10A.M AND 1P.M. IN THE LECTURE VENUE A 2008 YEAR CALENDER IS BEING SOLD. IT WILL HAVE SIX SHEETS WITH GITA REPRESENTED PICTORIALLY AND A TEN LINE SUMMARY OF EACH CHAPTER. THIS WILL BE AVAILABLE FOR SALE FROM 1ST JANUARY TILL 15TH JANUARY [PONGAL]. DETAILS OF OTHER PLACES WHERE THE CALENDER WOULD BE AVAILABLE FOR SALE WILL BE ANNOUNCED IN THE LECTURE.