"When one’s intelligence, mind, faith and refuge are all fixed in the Supreme, then one becomes fully cleansed of misgivings through complete knowledge and thus proceeds straight on the path of liberation."
Apunar avritti is atman sakshatkaram. Because it is not-to-be-reborn. Jnana = by this knowledge of atman, kalmasha = beginningless papa/punya which have got accumulated, nirdutha = get destroyed, and so he reaches a meritorious status and gets atman sakshatkaram. To reach this position, one has to take efforts and Sri Krishna tells the stairway. Tad buddhaya = concentrating his knowledge in atman sakshatkaram or resoluteness. This resolution or vow is necessary to start any work. So we have to collect lots of information about the work we want to take up. We also should know the disadvantages of those against the action we want to take up. Here we want to get atman sakshatkaram, and so we should know the greatness of atman and the inferiority about body. Just like physically challenged persons are resolved to achieve in life, we should have resoluteness in atman sakshatkaram. Tad atmana = concentrating on atman. Only a continuous thinking and pondering will overcome all obstacles. Tad nishta = by untiring efforts. For achieving anything we have to make sincere and ceaseless efforts. Once there was a guru and a disciple. One day the Guru asked him to fetch water for drinking and there was a bamboo basket only. Disciple tried to bring water in the basket, but before he could come near the guru all water got drained. He again went near the river and again tried, and all the water drained off. After a dozen efforts, the disciple got tired and told he was unsuccessful. But the guru, encouraged him saying that his efforts were never in vain and though he could not fetch water, the basket has become clean. So efforts will reward with results. Here also the efforts will slowly eradicate the huge papa we have accumulated over infinite births. Tad parayana = by having atman sakshatkaram as the goal and never for a moment changing or drifting away from that determination. So the steps are:
- ceaseless efforts
- unwavering objective