dusprapa iti me matih
vasyatmana tu yatata
sakyo ’vaptum upayatah
"For one whose mind is unbridled, self-realization is difficult work. But he whose mind is controlled and who strives by appropriate means is assured of success. That is My opinion."
An understanding of this sloka will complete the method to practice yoga. Asamyatat mana = one, who is not controlling his mind, yogo = [here it means] samadarsanam or viewing all equally, dusprapa = impossible to attain, iti = this is, me = My [Sri Krishna's], mathi = conclusion or opinion. Only person who controls mind can have samadarshanam. Persons not able to control their minds can never get sama darshanam. Sama darshanam is obtained only by yoga, which requires disciplined mind. Only by controlling the mind and practicing yoga, the person will be able to look at all as atman without body, and so will be able to perceive identical nature. He will realize all atman are embodiment of gyana and ananda, and all are identical and so will view all equally. Uncontrolled mind will only see the differences perceptible on the bodies. Alwar says that he could control these five scoundrels - five sense organs- only with His blessings. Tu = but, vasyatmana = one who has tamed the mind [ controlling mind], yatata = if tries, avaptum sakya = can attain, upayata = by following this method. This method will enable him to control the mind and so atman darshan will be achieved. Which method? Earlier He mentioned vairagyam and abhyasam. Vairagyam is tutoring the mind of the inferior happiness of materials, transient nature and consequent miseries. This way a sort of hatred for such desires will grow. Mind should at the same time be diverted on atman, by constant and repeated practice. This is abhyasam. Armed with vairagyam and abhyasam, this method has to be followed. Here the method is Karma yoga, Sri Krishna has been preaching from Chapter 2. If one practices the assigned duties, without any intention for selfish gains, mind will get controlled. When we go to temple, if we have only devotion in our mind, then for that small time we are present in the temple we perform Karma yoga. Similarly all our other assigned duties in service of God. Let us tabulate the process:
- Karma yoga [includes Gyana yoga as part]
- Control of mind
- Sama darshanam [Here there are four types 1] all atman are equal by gyana. 2] equal with Paramatman in 8 qualities. 3] Realizing as body of Paramatman and so all others. 4] Gyana in its full blossom and no happiness or sorrow would affect.
We will now take leave of Thiruppullani.