'Bhishasmadvatha pavathe bhishodhethi soorya: |
Bhishasmadhgnischendrascha mrutyur dhavathi panchama: ||
Fearing the Lord's anger, gods like Vayu, Soorya, Agni, Indra, Mrutyu and all, obediently do theier duties. Their tenures are all defined; while the Lord remains for ever. To reach the Lord, should be the single objective of bhagavallabharti. In sloka 18 Sri Krishna brings up yet another aspect. He tells which are the entities that get created at the beginning of the life of Brahma and which all end at the end of Brahma's life. We have to clearly understand these. Earlier, it was told that moola prakruti or avyaktam is responsible for the generation of mahan, which generates ahankaram. Ahankaram is divided into three parts satvika, rajasa and tamasa ahankarams. From these the Five great elements or pancha bhootha, pancha tanmatra, karmendriya and gyanendriya and manas emerge. All these creations are carried out by the Lord Himself and is called samashti srushti. Then the Lord creates lord Brahma, who starts other creations, under his control. These creations are called vyakti srushti. We should remember that what Brahme creates are also with the blessings of the Lord. Now, Sri Krishna tells what are all created in the daytime of Brahma and which all get destroyed in Brahma's night time. Sloka 18:
avyaktad vyaktayah sarvah
"At the beginning of Brahma’s day, all living entities become manifest from the unmanifest state, and thereafter, when the night falls, they are merged into the unmanifest again."
Avyaktad = from Brahma's body [ earlier we saw this word denoted moola prakruti]. Here this sloka describes all those emerging from the body of Brahma. Brahma was the creation of the Lord. Vyaktya = explicit creations like bhoo, bhuva and suva worlds, sarva = and all the contents of these worlds; it includes all the living beings in these three worlds; all experiences in them; all inanimate objects in these worlds. That is all humans, devas, animals, birds, insects, etc. The objects of their senses like what they eat or listen, etc. These are all explicit and so vyaktam. Avyakta is abstract and not perceived by senses. We are able to distinguish all items in vyaktam. Though these emerge from Brahma, these are not perceptible in Brahma's body and so his body is avyaktham. Prabhavanti = all these are created. Ahar-agame = during day time [of Brahma]. All these sense perceived vyaktam get created during the day time of lord Brahma. Brahma controls seven worlds - bhoo, buva, suva, maha, jana, tapa and satya lokas. This is to be split into two groups and we are talking of the first three worlds bhoo, buva and suva. These three are administered by Indra. Brahma is the leader of all gods and Indra is a sub-leader assisting Brahma. Ratri-agame = in the night [of Brahma], praliyante = they get dissolved [ layam means an object attaining its natural status. Mud pot becoming layam means it becomes mud. Karyam or end product, attaining its karana or starting status]. That is, all these three worlds get back into the body of Brahma and lose their vyakta form. Tatraiva = in the same place, avyakta samjyate = which is called avyaktam, ie.in Brahma they get dissolved. This is called Naimishtika srushti and naimishtika pralayam. So in one kalpa kalam or in 1000 chatur yug time creations in this Universe are done and in the next kalpam, they are all destroyed and reach their original status in Brahma. Therefore as a corollary, we have to understand that just like us even the lord Brahma has an end; but the Lord is ever remaining and by reaching Him we also will not be subject to these periodical creation and destruction by Brahma.