ı´svare kartr. t¯a buddhih.sattvop¯adeyat¯antime |
svakarma parin.¯ama´sca ´s¯astras¯ar¯artha ucyate || (22)
Isvare kartrta buddhi = the understanding that the Lord only does [and not we]. The Lord is the doer. But we are implements or accessories for the Lord to do. When we do like that, with what quality of mind we should do? Sattvopadeyata = with satvika mind. It is not enough to perform Vedic karmas; but they should be done with satva quality. We should have interest in satva quality. Antime = in the last [18th] Chapter. Svakarma = one's [shastras] prescribed duties, parinamas ca = will transform [to yield Moksham]. Everyone should perform his prescribed duty, with satvika quality and without aspiring result. Such doing, by itself, would get Moksham. He advised Arjuna to fight the war not with the notion that by winning he would get Kingdom, nor with the feeling that he was killing others. He should fight, because he was a Kshatriya and protecting his Kingdom by fighting enemies was his prescribed duty. That was his Dharma. Sastra = [this Gita] Shastra [with 18 Chapters and 700 slokas], sara artha = essence of meaning, ucyate = are described. Therefore, in this Chapter, Four important aspects are described:
- The cognition that Iswara or the Lord is the doer of all actions.
- All actions have to be done with satva quality.
- Doing our prescribed duties, would get transformed to obtain Moksham.
- The essence of Bhagavad Gita is Bhakti.
XVIII. athāṣṭādaśodhyāyaḥ. (mokṣasaṃnyāsayogaḥ)
saṃnyāsasya mahābāho tattvam icchāmi veditum
tyāgasya ca hṛṣīkeśa pṛthak keśiniṣūdana 18.1
Arjuna addresses the Lord as maha baho = Long handed!, kesi nisudana = Killer of Kesi [demon]! and hrsikesa = Controller of senses! Sanyasasya = about sanyasa's, ca = and, tyagasya = about tyaga's, tattvam = truth, veditum = to understand, icchami = I [Arjuna] am eager, prthak = [and their] difference. If tyaga and sanyasa were different, Arjuna wants to know the true meaning of each of them. But, if they were one and the same, then their combined meaning. Upanishads say 'na karmana na prajaya na danena tyagenaike amrutasyamanishu:' - Moksham can not be obtained by more of karmas, or by having children, or by wealth; only tyagam will lead to Moksham. In another place, Upanishad says that one attained Mukti only by sanyasa. Arjuna asks the right Person to clarify! He wants the explanation to be detailed, and capable of Arjuna's understanding and killing Arjuna's doubts! Perialwar says at the end of the decade on Deva Prayag, that mere reciting of these pasurams are equal to visiting Deva Prayag! So, those of us not fortunate to have visited Deva Prayag and worshiped the Lord after a bath in Ganga, need not feel despair. Perialwar says that recitation of these pasurams would fetch them the same punya of going to Deva Prayag and worshiping the Lord after bath in Ganga! Because either way the Lord Purushottama is pleased! We will now take leave of Deva Prayag aka Kandam ennum Kadinagar!