Wednesday, April 15, 2009

BG 15.8

In Acharya Hrudayam, Swami Nayanar says that whenever Alwar is in great devotion, he assumes female form to sing in praise of the Lord. As mentioned earlier, while in female form, Alwar assumes any of the Three roles - heroine, heroine's mother or heroine's friend. As heroine's friend, Alwar has composed only Three decades of pasurams. In these pasurams, on glance, a meaning will reveal. But a deeper study will reveal another meaning, which is termed swapadesam. When atman is to be united with the Lord, Alwar assumes the role of a friend. When it is atman's duty to serve the Lord, Alwar would assume the role of mother. When the atman has to somehow attain the Lord, Alwar assumes the role of the sweetheart. In the pasurams on Thirupuliyur, Alwar, as the sweetheart's friend, joins Alwar with the Lord. The mother of the heroine is making arrangements to get her daughter married elsewhere. To thwart those efforts, the 'friend' tells the mother that the 'heroine' Parankusa Nayaki, has symptoms of already having got married. Alarmed mother asks for symptoms. The 'friend' says that 'she' was able to smell the fragrance of thulasi leaves, worn by Sri Mayappiran [8.9.10]! Alwar says that this kshetram is like 'tilak' for South! Here the quality revealed by the Lord is Nayaka Lakshanam. The Lord is like a lotus placed on coral mountain! These pasurams are literary treasure and one has to enjoy studying these one by one! Now we proceed to sloka 7. In sloka 6, the Lord mentioned that Parisuddha Atma swaroopam is an 'amsam' of the Lord. What is an amsam? If we have a fruit in our palm, it can not be called an amsam as we can still be recognized without fruit. Whereas, a cloth is made of threads. Thread is considered as an amsam of the cloth. If threads are removed cloth does not exist. But in Paramatman, all atman are amsam of Him. We can not remove atman from Him, though atman and Paramatman are different entities. Each atman is indispensable part of the Lord. The Lord is the Leader of all atman. In sloka 6, it was told that the atman is self luminescent and does not need external aids to see. If so, why all atman are not glowing? Why should only Madman and Nityatman be happy? Why bhaddhatman suffer? Why they are not happy like Muktas and Nityas? It is summer now and the Sun is shining brightly. All places are well illuminated and there is no exception. But in atman, why some are suffering and others are enjoying? This is answered by the Lord in sloka 7:

mamaivāṃśo jīvaloke jīvabhūtaḥ sanātanaḥ
manaḥṣaṣṭhānīndriyāṇi prakṛtisthāni karṣati 15.7

mamaaiva = My [Sri Krishna's] alone, amsam = parts, jivaloke = this leela vibhuti of Universe, jivabhuta = all living beings, sanatana = from an ancient time. But they are all bound by Karma in Leela vibhuti. Mana = mind, indriya = organs, act in the way they are. Once this Karma bondage is removed, then they would also enjoy the Lord. Their sufferings are due to Karma and unless they come out of it, they will have to suffer.
We now take leave of this Kshetram.

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