Abhayam = fearless.
Satva samsuddhi = concentarting on atman, with satva quality developing.
Jnanayoga vyavastiti = To perform Karma, Gyana and Bhakti yoga, meditating on atman.
Danam = donating honestly earned wealth to deserving persons.
Dama = control of sense organs.
Yajna = performing Pancha maha yagna.
Swadhyaya = chanting Vedas with interest.
Tapa = following fasts and meditations prescribed in Shastras, for the pleasure of the Lord.
Arjavam = maintaining mind, words and action in unison and be righteous. All these Nine qualities were listed in First sloka.
Ahimsa = Not hurting any living being.
Satyam = truth, spoken for the welfare of all living beings.
Akrodha = never getting angry. Anger is a deformation of mind.
Tyaga = relinquishing all, which are not useful for atman development.
Santi = remaining always calm.
Apaisunam = not talking about Third persons.
Daya bhutesu = compassionate to all living beings.
Aloluptvam = never after materialistic desires.
Mardavam = be soft to move with others.
Hri = shy of violating Shastras.
Acapalam = remaining without desire, even when favourite items are very near. These Eleven qualities were listed in Second sloka.
Teja = possessing capacity, that others can never conquer.
Kshama = remaining patient even when provoked.
Dhrti = resolved to complete the job in spite of obstacles.
Saucam = purity of mind, speech and body.
Adroha = never harassing weaker persons.
Natimanita = never display excessive pride.
All these are properties of those with Divine nature.
Now the Lord tells about the qualities of Asuras or wicked persons, precisely. It is a caution for us not to acquire any of them. Sloka 4:
dambho darpobhimānaś ca krodhaḥ pāruṣyam eva ca
ajñānaṃ cābhijātasya pārtha saṃpadam āsurīm 16.4
Asurim abhijatasya = those born with wicked qualities, sampadam = these are their properties.
Dambha = donation for publicity. Spending Hundred rupees on advertisement, for a few paise worth cause.
Darpa = becoming haughtier, with enjoying more and more materialisic pleasures. We should never go near things prohibited by Shastras. Even in Shastras permitted actions, we should be moderate and never exceed. By using forbidden things we get a feeling of haziness. That is darpa. In old Gurukula vasa, by students to acquire knowledge from Acharyas, students would not use scents and cosmetics. They would not use ghee in meals. All, to cultivate humility, while learning. A great deal of tolerance is needed while learning.
Abhimana = pride and ego, because of wealth, education, personality, etc.
Krodha = excessive anger, causing harm to others.
Parusyam = being harsh with noble persons. One might be harsh with culprits like thieves. But these persons with Asura qualities, are harsh with good persons. Prahalada was calm even when provoked. Hiranyakasipu showed Parusyam on such a good person like Prahalada.
We will now take leave of this Kshetram.