- First Chapter was called Arjuna Vishada yogam
- Second Chapter was Sankhya yogam. Sankhya means buddhi or intellect and with the help of intellect we understand atman and its qualities like eternity
- Third Chapter was called Karma yogam as Karma yogam itself will directly fetch atman sakshatkaram.
- Fourth Chapter is Gyana yogam as it detailed the greatness of the Gyana portion in Karma yoga.
- Fifth Chapter is called Karma Sanyasa yogam
Before we go into the Fifth Chapter. we will see Gitartha sangraha by Acharya Alavandar.
karmayogasya saukarya shaighrayaM kaashcana tadvidhaaH .
brahmaj~naaprakaarashca pa~ncamaadhyaaya ucyate .. (9)
The Fifth Chapter is very easy to practice [saukarya]. It yields result quickly [shaighraya]. When we do the Karma yoga, we should do it with consciousness. It is called Karma sanyasam. It is also called akarthrutva anusandhanam. When we do a karma saying 'I am doing', it is kartrutva anusandhanam. But if we think 'I am not doing this karma ', then it is akartrutva anusandhanam. This is a very important view in this Chapter. Sanyasam means relinquishing. So, while we do the karma yoga, we should relinquish the feeling or thought, that we are doing it. Thus it is Karma sanyasam. The result of such Karma yoga is brahmajnana prakara. Brahma gyana means equality in outlook. Now we see all as different like that is a cow, she is a woman or it is a tree. But by practicing Karma yoga we look at all as the embodiment of Gyana. Then we see the atman only and not the body. Atman shows unity of all, while body shows the difference. By going towards atman, we tend to look at all as equal and no difference is apparent. So, Swami Alavandar says that the Fifth Chapter tells us four aspects of Karma yoga:
- Karma yoga is easy to practice
- Karma yoga yields result quickly
- Karma yoga should be performed without the feeling that it was done by 'me'
- Karma yoga thus practiced will make one to realize all as equal.