sankhya-yogau prithag balah
pravadanti na panditah
ekam apy asthitah samyag
ubhayor vindate phalam
"Only the ignorant speak of devotional service [karma-yoga] as being different from the Gyana yoga. Those who are actually learned say that he who applies himself well to one of these paths achieves the results of both."
In the previous sloka, it was told that both Karma yoga and Gyana yoga would enable one to get atman sakshatkaram. But Karma yoga was recommeneded for Arjuna. But there are some people, who say that Karma yoga and Gyana yoga are contradictory. Such people are not learned. Because both take one to the same destination, atman sakshatkaram. So result wise both are same. Sri Krishna ridicules those who do not know this. Bala = childlike [ not by age, but by intellect], na panditha = nor learned ones, pravadanti = talk this way. Which way? Sankhya = Gyana yoga [ not the Sankhya philosophy], yogau = and Karma yoga, both, prithag = are separate [ not same]. Ubhayo = between these two, ekam apy = in anyone [either of them], asthita = one practices , samyag = firmly, vindate phalam = he attains the result of both. That is by following anyone of these two, he reaches the same result of atman sakshatkaram. It is like obtaining the same Degree either by attending College regularly or by correspondence course sitting at home. Here, people sometime give preference to the Degree obtained by attanding college regularly. Similarly, is it possible that the atman sakshatkaram obtained by Gyana yoga better than the one got by Karma yoga? No, there is no difference whatsoever in the result obtained by eithe of Gyana yoga or Karma yoga. Sri Krishann has already decisively recommended Karma yoga for Arjuna and so here Arjuna has no choice. Here He is trying to remove some doubts in Arjuna. One way of interpretting is, he who follows either of these, gets the same benefit. Another way is, by following anyone, he gets the benefit of both. The meaning can be taken this way also for the first line. Na panditha = no intellectuals or persons with little knowledge, bala = small minded persons, pravadanti = talk like this. Or, bala [ childish persons ] talk sankhya and yoga are separate, Pandita = [but] well lerned persons, na pravadanti = will never talk like this. Does Sri Krishna mean Karma yoga and Gyana yoga are one and the same? No, both are different in practice. But both are same in respect of the result. Here one more doubt may arise. It is alright that both yield the same result, but is it possible that both have to be practiced to attain the result? This type of thinking came up in the Second Chapter. There He told that one has to do Karma yoga, when the mind and organs would be controlled and becomes eligible for Gyana yoga and then by practicing Gyana yoga one would reach atman sakshatkaram. But in the Third Chapter, Sri Krishna emphasised that Karma yoga would directly get Atman sakshatkaram and there was no need for Gyana yoga. Today's [ 22nd November, 2007] lecture is from the sannidhi of Sri Maduravalli Thayar in the temple.