sannyasam karmanam krishna
punar yogam ca samsasi
yac chreya etayor ekam
tan me bruhi su-niscitam
"Arjuna said: O Krishna, first of all You talked of gyana yoga, and then again You recommend karma yoga. Now will You kindly tell me definitely which of the two is more beneficial?"
"Tell me the resolved method" says Arjuna. He addresses Sri Krishna to clarify. Sri Krishna told two things so far. Karmanam Sanyasam = here it means, Gyana yoga, punar = again [You talked of ], yogam ca = and Karma yoga, samsasi = [You] told. He sermoned on the greatness of Gyana yoga and again on the greatness of Karma yoga. Normally, sanyasam means relinquished and here it does not mean action relinquished, but Gyana yoga different from Karma yoga. Etayo = between these two, ya chreya = which is better [for Arjuna], su nischitam = decisively, tan = that one, me = to me [Arjuna], bruhi = tell. Krishi means earth and na: means pleasing and so Krishna could mean, He Who gives happiness to the earth. Arjuna is worried which to choose and so he wants Sri Krishna to make him happy by providing the right and decisive choice. He has sermoned on the greatness of both Gyana yoga and Karma yoga and so Arjuna is confused. Though Sri Krishna never confused, it is Arjuna's inability to understand the previous slokas properly. In the Second Chapter, starting from 12th sloka, Sri Krishna explained the everlasting nature of atman. This was needed as Arjuna feared he might destroy his Acharya and grandfather. So, he was told that body only gets destroyed while atman remains for ever. Sri Krishna told about Karma yoga. Then starting from sloka 50 in Second Chapter, He told of four samgyas and explained Gyana yoga. He mentioned how a sthitapragya would be. Here Gyana yoga was mentioned to be practiced after Karma yoga. This made Arjuna to feel Gyana yoga was superior to Karma yoga. But in the Third Chapter, He advised that by practicing Karma yoga also one could directly have atman sakshatkaram. In the Fourth Chapter also He maintained the greatness of Karma yoga. So it appeared that in Chapter Two He advocated Gyana yoga and in the next two Chapters, He recommended Karma yoga. So this question from Arjuna for clarification.