aham hi sarva-yajnanam
bhokta ca prabhur eva ca
na tu mam abhijananti
tattvenatas cyavanti te
"I am the only enjoyer and master of all sacrifices. Therefore, those who do not recognize My true transcendental nature fall down."
Aham hi = I [ Sri Krishna] am alone, sarva yajnanam = of all the yagnas', bhokta = beneficiary, ca = and, prabhur eva = only giver of benefits in return. Tu = but, mam = My [ Sri Krishna's], tattvena = true nature is, na abhijananti = not understood [ by them in this way]. Te = they, cyavanti = slip away [from not getting superior benefits and reach only inferior results]. The Lord says that He is the beneficiary of all karmas and yagnas we do. That is He is the inner soul in every other gods we may worship, and ultimately receives the worship and offerings. Prabhu means the person who gives the result of the pooja or yagna performed. When some one does Jyotish homa and prays Indra for sanctioning swarga, it is the Lord who actually gives and not Indra. But this is not understood by people, who think that it is these gods who give them those benefits. They do not know the real stature of the Lord. They should have realized that more than anything else, it is the Lord, Who is inner soul in all and Who alone is pleased with their karma and Who alone is going to grant them anything; but they have never understood this. Therefore they slip away from superior benefits like reaching Vaikuntam; and are granted only the transient and inferior benefits, they sought. One important point we should note. Dasaratha did not have children and so he decided to perform puthrakameshti yaga. He invited sage Risyasrunga to do the yagna. The person who gets the yagna performed is called yajamana. Yajamana himself may perform the actual karma also. But here Dasaratha was the yajamana and sage Risyasrunga was the actual performer of the karma. But the derived benefits are to go to Dasaratha and not to the sage. So, beneficiary is different from the person doing the karma. Similarly the yagna also was done in favour of some god. Finally, a person emerged from the holy fire and offered a vessel containing payasam [porridge like] to Dasaratha. The Lord later on was born as the Son of Dasaratha. The Lord, in this sloka, says that He represents everything in an yagna: the yajamana, actual performer, the holy fire, the god prayed for, the payasam, etc. He is the inner soul of all. Because of Him all have their capacity or power. He performs yagna; He is worshiped; and He is the giver of results. If this knowledge is there then, one would directly approach Him. When one approaches Him, one would pray for the supreme gift of Moksham and be free from the miseries of birth and death. Worshiping Surya, Sriman Narayan grants good health. Worshiping Vayu, Sriman Narayana grants wealth. Here we may have another doubt. Suppose by worshiping Sriman Narayana for Moksham, will other gods be able to grant? No. When the Lord is worshiped He alone grants and no other gods are involved. This is implied by the words 'aham ti'. Worshiping the Lord is also both easy and pleasant. Even for a simple folding of hands, the Lord is so pleased that He wants to shower benefits in return. He feels like a debtor and does not rest till Moksham is granted. This truth is not understood by them and so slip away from getting Vaikuntam. We will take leave of this Kshetram now.