Thursday, July 10, 2008

BG 9.26

Sriman Narayana graces in Five states. 1. In Sri Vaikuntam as Sri Para Vasudeva, 2. in the Milk Ocean [திருப் பாற்கடல்] as Sri Vyuha Vasudeva, 3. as Sri Rama and Sri Krishna in Vibhava Avatar, 4. residing in everyone as Antharatman and 5. in Kshetrams and temples as Auspicious Idols [அர்ச்சை]. Objective of Vedas was Sri Para Vasudeva or Sri Vaikunta Natha. The Agama, Pancharathram [பாஞ்ச ராத்ரம்], glorifies Sri Vyuha Vasudeva. Manu Dharma shastra and the like, are glorifying Antharyami. Itihasa and Puranas praise Vibhava Avatars. Azhwars' Divya Prabhandam eulogize the Lord in Temples, ie. Archai. For Thirumangai Alwar, the last of Alwars, Archai was his life. His principle was that the Lord in temples is the resort for all to get Moksham. To understand his life, his poems and his place, we are now in Thirunagari Kshetram. He is gracing in an idol form here.

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திருமங்கை மன்னன் குமுதவல்லி நாச்சியாருடன்
Earlier we saw Sri LakshmiNarasimha in Thiruvaali. Behind the temple is the pushkarini- Plagini pushkarini. It is said that the water is capable of curing any disease and removing sins. The street in front of the temple -sannidhi street- is long and welcomes us. The Rajagopuram - main entrance tower - is ancient and has Seven tiers. It is majestic, perhaps because it is the entarnce to worship the Alwar inside! As we cross this, we reach the second Gopuram with Five tiers. We cross the dwajasthambam and this gopuram to come to the Third gopuram of Three tiers. The Second gopuram was built by Achutappa Nayak and this Third Gopuram was Built by Swamy Narahari Jeer. Crossing this we come to a long prakaram or corridor. Whenever Thirumangai Alwar returns from a procession, Thiruvandhikappu [திரு அந்திக் காப்பு] will be presented [andhi =evening, kappu = protection]. In this, lit camphor will be shown so that no ills occur [திருஷ்டி சுற்றுதல்]. During Adhyana Utsavam, with all Alwars seated the Lord listens to their pasurams in this mantap. As we enter further we see Alwar's sannidhi and the sannidhi of Sri Devaraja. It is said that Princes who lived luxuriously, used to add ghee for every morsel of food. Similarly, our Alwar Parakala [Thirumangai Alwar] would add Archai for every stanza! Even while praising the Avatars of the Lord, he would somehow add the Lord of some temple or the other. Of the 108 Divya desam, this Alwar has praised 86. Of these 47 Divya desam are praised only by Parakala. Now we will see 25th sloka. Earlier the Lord said that He grants His devotees, Yoga and Kshema [sloka 22]. But there are other devotees, who worship other deities, though sincerely, superficially learning Vedas but not understanding the Vedantas properly. They never realize that it is the Lord, residing in every deity, grants even the inferior requirements. They never know that the Lord is the 'bhokta' or recipient of offerings made in every yagna, they perform favouring any deity. He further tells Arjuna that if a person performs a yagna favouring a god, he will attain that only or reach the world of that god and enjoy. When the tenure of that god is over, then that person also has to depart that place and has to be born in this samsaram. With great efforts the person attains the place of these gods and yet, when the period of reign of those gods ends, this person also has to return. For example, one performs jyotish homa, favouring Indra and seeking swarga lok. He gets swarga lok. But if, while doing this homa, the person does with the conscience that the karma is directed in favour of Sri Krishna, the antharatman of Indra and seeks the Divine feet of the Lord, then the same jyotish homa, will grant him Vaikuntam and not swarga lok, which is transient and inferior to Vaikuntam. So without changing the karma and not altering the efforts, by changing only the intention, we get different results. This applies to other karmas also and is explained in sloka 25. When we beat a person, we are questioned by law enforcing agents; but the same action of beating, if we do to correct our children, then we gain. So intention or sankalpam, is very important. Now, sloka 25:

yanti deva-vrata devan
pitrn yanti pitr-vratah
bhutani yanti bhutejya
yanti mad-yajino ’pi mam

"Those who worship the demigods will take birth among the demigods; those who worship the ancestors go to the ancestors; those who worship ghosts and spirits will take birth among such beings; and those who worship Me will live with Me."

Deva vrata = those intending to become a deva [ or reach deva loka], devan yanti = [ by doing specified karmas for that] attain deva loka. Pitr vrata = [similarly] those wanting to reach pitru [deceased ancestors] loka, yanti = attain [ by taking specified efforts] , pitrn = the world of pitrus. Bhutani = groups of bhutas, like rakshasas, gandharvas, etc., yanti = are attained [ by performing ], bhutejya = karmas related to such bhutas. One does a karma to reach Indra lok and worships Indra with the knowledge and intention that Indra is to grant the desire of reaching Indra lok. But, Yanti = attain, mam = Me [Sri Krishna, in Vaikuntam], mad yajino = [who] perform karma to reach Me [Sri Krishna], api = only. We have to carefully see the meaning of the words 'mad yajino'. A person does a karma to reach deva loka. With the same karma and efforts, but with the intention and worship to the Lord, then he reaches the Lord. To reach Him, the Lord is not asking the person to do another karma or alter the efforts; but with same karma and same efforts one can reach the Lord if his sankalpam or intention is modified. Arjuna is in the battle field to fight and recover the lost property. If it was done with the intention of recovering and enjoying the kingdom regained, then it is objectionable and could bring in sins also. But if Arjuna does it with the intention that it was an order of the Lord and it was his kshatriya dharma to protect, then he would be doing karma yoga and realizing that he would get atman sakshatkaram. Same fight would get him higher worlds and Moksham. The Lord is not asking anyone to change the karma; but only asking them to change the sankalpam. The Lord of this temple is facing West; while Sri Thayar is facing East. Pooja are performed as per Vaikanasa agama of sage Vikanasa.

1 comment:

paddy7 said...

Dear SARANATHAN SWAMY,
YOU ARE DOING AN EXCELLENT SERVICE by translating BHAGAVAD GEETHA and VISHNU SAHASRANAMAM discources mostly on the same day
itself.
Let me pray to LORD MALOLAN to give you all that you desire
dhasan
N.PADMANABAN