jyotisam api taj jyotis
tamasah param ucyate
jnanam jneyam jnana-gamyam
hridi sarvasya visthitam

"He is the source of light in all luminous objects. He is beyond the darkness of matter and is unmanifested. He is knowledge, He is the object of knowledge, and He is the goal of knowledge. He is situated in everyone’s heart."

Again Lord Krishna tells the greatness of atman, which is different from body. He tells that atman is more luminous than other luminous objects like Sun, Moon, fire,etc. Tad = that [atman], jyotisam api = even [lends] luminescence to, jyoti = luminous objects [like Sun, fire, etc.]. Here we should understsnd that literally Moon or Sun do not get luminescence from atman; but, we recognoze such luminous objects because of atman. To put it in other words, atman recognizes all objects including Sun, etc., by its Gyana. Therefore, it is more luminiscent than these objects like Sun, fire, etc. Param = superior to, Tamas = [here it is not to be taken as darkness, but] moola prakruti [primordial matter]. Jneyam = [atman] has to be understood, jnanam = as [embodiment of] Gyana or knowledge, jnana-gamyam = attainable knowledge or Gyana. Gyanam means the 20 qualities explained earlier and is the means to understand atman and attain atman. Sarvasya = all atman, hridi = in hearts, vishtitam = is existing. Atman is residing in the hearts of living beings. Our heart is like an inverted lotus bud. In that atman is in a micro form. Same atman is not present in all hearts; but every individual living being has individual atman and each resides in the heart of every individual. An elephant's atman will be residing in that elephant's heart; a cat's atman will reside in that cat's heart; etc. Atman is brighter than luminous objects. Why so? Is not the Sun or Moon. illuminating all objects to know? But if we realize that in spite of brightness of those luminous objects like Sun and Moon, a body without soul or atman, can never recognize anything, then we will realze the superiority of atman. A body with atman alone with Gyana can recognize all objects. Those bright objects simply dispel darkness and only the atman with the help of a body recognizes any object. Atman alone has the knowledge to recognize. Incidentally, all those having problems in eyesight, could visit this Kshetram and worship. It is believed that their problems are all solved. Atman is superior to Primordial matter or moola prakruti. We had seen earlier that Universe, as also our bodies, are all created from this Moola prakruti. Body is just a tool for atman to percieve this Universe. Therefore atman is:

  • Brighter.
  • Superior to body.
  • Embodiment of knowledge.
  • Understood only by Gyana.
  • Result to be attained.
  • Residing in heart.
In one more sloka the Lord is going to describe about atman. For the present we will now take leave of this Kshetram.