It is called Hruththapa nasini [ஹ்ருத்தாப நாசினி]. Hruth [heart or mind], thapam [heat] and nasini [destroyer]. That is, capable of eliminating all heat [sufferings] in our mind. What makes us to feel heat? Ignorance itself is a suffering. Adyatmika [ஆத்யாத்மிகம் our own makings], adidaivika [ஆதி தைவதம் God's punishments] and adibowthika [ஆதிபௌதிகம் Nature's fury] cause sufferings. These sufferings are remedied in this pushkarini. Let us see the glory of this Pushkarini. Long ago, there was a King Pradyumna. He prayed the Lord to bless him with a child. The Lord appeared before him, on a Thai - Amavasya [தை அமாவாசை]. When the Lord enquired what the King needed, besides praying for a child, he also requested that since the Lord appeared on a Thai-Amavasya, henceforth, on all Thai-Amavasya days, all the sacred rivers of this country Bharat, should appear in the waters of this Pushkarini. By seeing or touching or drinking or bathing in the water of the Pushkarini on those days, people's heat in the mind should vanish! From that time Thai- Amavasya is very special for this Pushkarini. Ecery month on Amavasya day, Thousands of devotees arrive to worship the Lord here. It is believed that by adding jaggery [வெல்லம் vellam in Tamil], all our diseases are cured. Sashi Devi was the daughter of Daksha Prajapati. She married lord Shiva. Daksha Prajapati performed an Yaga, but lord Shiva was not invited. However, Sashi Devi attended the Yaga, performed by her father. She was humiliated and she committed suicide. Lord Shiva was provoked and he ordered Veerabhadra to destroy the Yaga. Because of this Veerabhadra incured sin and so he came to this place and after bathing in this pond, and mediatating on the Lord, got his sins eliminated. This place is also known as Veeksharanyam [வீக்ஷாரன்யம்] and Punya Avartha Kshetram [புண்ய ஆவ்ருத க்ஷேத்ரம்]. Punya will increase by manifolds. That way we gain. We can get our punyas increased by many times here. Once the Lord destroyed demons Madhu and Kaitapa, who were a menace to people. Having got victory [vijayam விஜயம்], the vimanam is named Vijaya koti vimanam. We will now see sloka 13:
aprakaso ’pravrttis ca
pramado moha eva ca
tamasy etani jayante
"When there is an increase in the mode of ignorance, O son of Kuru, darkness, inertia, madness and illusion are manifested."
Kuru-nandana = Arjuna [ of Kuru dynasty]. Since Arjuna was born in this great dynasty, he should develop only satva quality and discard the other two. He is to bring happiness [ananda] to himself and his dynasty and so he should listen to the Lord. The following are the symptoms of a person with tamo quality:
- Aprakasa = without brightness, or darkness, indicating lack of knowledge. Swami Ramanuja says it means Gyana anudaya or knowledge not born.
- Apravrtti = not engaged in [any] action [laziness].
- Pramada = carelessness, preventing performing our duties prescribed and to be done at a scheduled time.
- Moha = delusion, understanding things in confused way. Here, though knowledge is born, confusion exists. It is viparita Gyana, where we mistake one for another.
- Gyana anudayam - not understanding the matter. He will not know what Vedas and Puranas have told. He will not know what are his duties. We might not know many things. It hardly matters; but to know what is good for oneself has to be known. Not knowing this is aprakasa.
- Annasa Gyana - one sees the matter but understands its quality wrongly. For example, understanding the white color of conch as yellow due to defect in the eyes.
- Viparita Gyana - here the matter is understood differently, like thinking a rope to be snake.