pasyami tvam sarvato ’nanta-rupam
nantam na madhyam na punas tavadim
pasyami visvesvara vishva-rupa
"O Lord of the universe, O universal form, I see in Your body many, many arms, bellies, mouths and eyes, expanded everywhere, without limit. I see in You no end, no middle and no beginning."
We should have noticed that in today's sloka or the previous one, the syllables are more than the usual. Most of the slokas in Gita are in the anushtup [ अनुष्टुप]metre. Every sloka will have four pada [पाद feet]. If the sloka has 32 syllables it is in anushtup chandas [metre]. That is, every pada will have 8 syllables. In this sloka we find 11 syllables, per pada or 44 syllables per sloka. Sloka in Gayatri chandas have the least syllables of 6 per pada or 24 per sloka. Today's sloka is in Thrushtup chandas [44 syllables]. Arjuna says that he was seeing more. Pasyami = [I, Arjuna] am seeing, tvam = You [Sri Krishna] with, aneka = countless, bahu = hands, udara = stomach, vaktram = faces or heads, netram = eyes. Ananta rupam = omnipresent or spread everywhere, sarvata = from all sides or directions, Arjuna was seeing. Arjuna saw everywhere the Lord. He could not see the beginning or middle or end of the Lord's images. Na pasyami = [I, Arjuna] am not seeing, adi = beginning, madyam = middle, antam = end. Visveswara = the Lord of Universe, viswaroopa = Universe as body or image. Arjuna first says what he saw. He saw countless shoulders, faces, stomachs and eyes of the Lord. In Purushasooktam, it is said that the Lord has thousands of heads, thousands of eyes and thousands of feet [sahasraseersha purusha: sahasraksha sahasra pad..]. Thousands means countless, here. Our eyes can see in one direction things. But due to the special eyse provided by the Lord, Arjuna is able to see in all directions. Arjuna was able to see the Lord pervading all and everywhere. He says he could not see the beginning or middle or the end of the Lord. Why? Because, it is not there. When we say we could not see horn of a rabbit [முயல் கொம்பு], it is because there is no such thing as horn of a rabbit! We may be ignorant of all things in this world, and so one might not be able to know or see; but here, it is not that type. There is no beginning or middle or end to the Lord and so Arjuna could not see. Viswaroopa, means the Lord has this Universe or prapancham as His image.