Yatindra pravanam vande ramyajamataram munim ||
This sloka was presented by the Lord Sri Ranganatha Himself, in praise of Vishadavak Sikhamani Swami Manavala Mamuni. As already mentioned, Swami Manavala Mamunigal is considered as the last Acharya in Sri Vaishnava Guru parampara. He was a sanyasi. Swami Nampillai made a wonderful commentary on Nammalwar's Thiruvaimozhi. It is known as 'Eedu [ஈடு]'. Swami Manavala Mamunigal lectured on Eedu for one year in Srirangam in the sannidhi of Sri Ranganatha. The Lord listened to this lecture and regarded Swami Manavala Mamunigal as His Acharya; and, in token of gratitude, He presented this sloka. The sloka mentions Srisailesa, Swami Thiruvaimozhipillai, who was the Acharya of Swami Manavala Mamunigal. It further says that Swami Manavala Mamunigal recieved the grace of his teacher, and he was the repository of qualities like gyana, bhakti, etc.; and, he was deeply devoted to Yatindra [Swami Ramanuja]. Swami Manavala Mamunigal is considered as re-incarnation of Swami Ramanuja - both are incarnation of Adisesha. Swami Manavala Mamunigal visited Sriperumbudur and worshiped Swami Ramanuja here. He reamined here for sometime, during which, he taught Sri Bhashyam - commentary on Brahma sootram, by Swami Ramanuja - to his disciples and made them to appreciate the precious contents. Today's [31st December 2008] lecture is from the place, inside the sannidhi of Sri Adi Kesava Perumal, where he taught Sri Bhashyam. Just above this place is a picture depicting Swami Manavala Mamunigal lecturing, his many disciples and the Lord in the guise of a Young Boy, attentively listening! Like Swami Ramanuja, Swami Manavala Mamunigal also was interested in writing commentaries, rather than composing originals. Swami Manavala Mamunigal wrote commentaries on the works of Swami Pillai Lokacharya. Like Swami Ramanuja, he also never hurt others' feelings. Even when refuting others' arguments, both deployed very descent words. He never displayed ego or authority and lived a very humble and simple life. Swami Manavala Mamunigal presented Two works on Swami Ramanuja : Yatiraja vimsati in Sanskrit, consisting of Twenty slokas; and, Arthi prabhandam [ஆர்த்தி பிரபந்தம்] in Tamil. Arthi means passion or interest, in reaching moksham. In Yatiraja vimsati, he says that though he was unfit to place his head at the feet of Swami Ramanuja, he clung at his feet as Swami Ramanuja was connected with Nammalwar and then to the Lord. He says that whoever fell at the feet of Swami Ramanuja, were devoid of kama, krodha and such bad qualities and became eligible to develop all the good qualities Sri Krishna has been advising Arjuna in Chapter 12. Therefore, we also have to come to Sriperumbudur and worship Swami Ramanuja, so that all our bad habits are destroyed and develop good ones. Just like we remove weeds so that cultivation of crops improve, we have to first destroy our bad habits. As we go round the temple we find on one side Alwars' sannidhi and on other side Sri Andal's sannidhi. We will now see sloka 17 of Chapter 12. Sri Krishna explains to Arjuna the good habits we have to cultivate. Sloka 17:
yo na hrsyati na dvesti
na socati na kanksati
bhaktiman yah sa me priyah
"One who neither rejoices nor grieves, who neither laments nor desires, and who renounces both auspicious and inauspicious things—such a devotee is very dear to Me."
Sri Krishna mentions some more qualities, which make His devotee dear to Him. Yo = who, na hrsyati = is not rejoicing, na dvesti = is not hating, na socati = is not sorrowing, na kanksati = is not expecting or desireless. These are Four qualities - never happy, never hate, never sorrow and never anticipate. Subha = good deeds or punya, asubha = bed deeds or papa, parityagi = abandoned, bhaktiman = devotee, is dear to Him. Such a person is Karma yogi. He has renounced good and bad deeds. Are these practical? We have to qualify all these with some more words. We will see with proper interpretations:
- Never happy means not rejoicing just because we recieved something pleasing to us. Is it not natural? What Sri Krishna tells is that if we are to rejoice for something pleasing to us, we must be prepared to grieve if we do not get that. What is wrong in that? Then, our time will be spent only in this rejoice and grief. Where is the time for devotion to the Lord? There will not be time to ponder over atman or the Lord. If we avoid worldly pleasures and sorrows, then we can find time for our atman and the Lord. We can rejoice if we are able to have His grace; otherwise feel sorry. The Worldly pleasures are transient and the pleasure lasts for very small time. So, we should not rejoice for worldly pleasures and take them in stride.
- Never hating means not hating others just because we did not get what we desired.
3. Never grieving, means not brooding over any loss or injury.
4. Never expects means, they do not do anything with any expectation.
5. Subhaasubha parityagi means that they do not do any good deed to get punya or for some pleasure. They never indulge in such acts to prevent occurance of grief. They do all acts as they are mandates of shastras or they do not do some acts, as they are forbidden in shastras.
These are the characteristics of a Karma yogi and such person is dear to the Lord.