sarganam adir antas ca
madhyam caivaham arjuna
vadah pravadatam aham
"Of all creations I am the beginning and the end and also the middle, O Arjuna. Of all sciences I am the spiritual science of the self, and among logicians I am the conclusive truth."
Sarganam = during creation, adi = beginning, anta = end, ca = and, madhyam = middle, aham = I [Sri Krishna] am, arjuna =Arjuna. The Lord is the Cause of all the beginning, the sustaining of all created and the destruction of all created. Adhi means the beginning. That is, He is the leader of all Creators. Similarly, He is the leader among all those who protect and leader among all those who destroy [samharam - ஸம்ஹாரம்]. In the sloka the order apppears to be changed. Instead of saying beginning, middle and end, the Lord says beginning, end and then middle. Perhaps to emphasize He was the middle or referee here. Vidyanam = among the knowledge or education to achieve Moksham and all other knowledge, adyatma vidya = the knowlege about atman and Paramatman. We learn so many things, but they are of little use. Only learning Paramatman and reaching Moksham is proper learning. Pravadatam = among arguments, vada = vadam. Arguments are of many types:
- Jalpam = To argue points favourable to us and argue points against the opposite party.
- Vithanda = Only talking of the opponent's shortcomings, loudly.
- Chalam = Elaborating a point not told by the opponent and maintaining that for arguments.
- Vadam = Without resorting to what the two opposing parties told, but to argue the true and just points in any suit. To search for truth with open mindedness and argue with proper perspective.