Friday, September 12, 2008

BG 10.30

Thirumangai Alwar has sung on maximum number of Divyadesams. Starting from Thiru Piridhi, then Badarikashrama, crossing Uttar Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, he entered Tamil Nadu, Alwar sang on Thonda region [தொண்டை நாடு] temples, and arrived at Nadu [நடு] region. There he visits Thirokkovalur [திருக் கோவலூர்] and Thiruvahindrapuram [திருவகீந்த்ரபுரம்]. Then he entered Chola region. The first temple in Chola region was Thillai nagar Thiru Chithirakoodam [தில்லை நகர் திருச் சித்திர கூடம்]. Both Kulasekhara Alwar and Thirumangai Alwar have praised the Lord here as Sri Rama and Sri Krishna. This place is popularly known as Chidambaram. Thiru indicates the association of Sri MahaLakshmi. Chitra means beautiful. Kootam denotes a place. So, this place is beautiful with Sri Thayar and the Lord is enjoying in a reclining pose. The Lord graces the devotees in standing or sitting or reclining poses. The Moolavar Sri Govindaraja is gracing in a reclining pose. There are two Utsavars. One, Sri Parthasarathy or Sri Devadideva, in a seated pose and another Sri Chithirakootam Ullan [சித்திரக் கூடம் உள்ளான்] in standing pose. Thus all three poses are exhibited by the Lord. We are near the tall Dwajasthambam. Dwajasthambam is known in Tamil as Karulakkodi [கருளக் கொடி or கருடக் கொடி]. It is the flag mast of the Lord declaring His victory. We are welcomed by the the Three tier main Gopuram. On the right we have Garuda and on the left is Hanuman. Then we cross Maha mandapam and Ardha mandapam. Then we reach Garbhagruha, where the Lord is reclining. Sage Kanva was doing a severe penance in Himalayas. The Lord conveyed to him that He would appear to him at Pundarika Kshetram in Pundarika vanam, on the banks of Pundarika pushkarini. Sage Kanva came here and waited for the Lord. Sage Narada had a disciple sage Pundarika, who prayed the Lord to appear before him. Kshetram got the name from that sage. Pundarikam also means lotus flowers and the pond was full of lotus flowers. Sri Thayar is Sri Pundarikavalli. The Lord appeared on a Uthram star day of Panguni month. A demon king had two daughters Thilli and Villi. Once the Lord chased and drove away three demons. Of them one demon, stayed in Sri Mushnam, where the Lord is Sri Bhu Varaha. His daughters were Thilli and Villi. They prayed to the Lord at Sri Mushnam to eliminate their sins. The Lord made Villi the guard in that place. Thilli was asked to come to Pundarika vanam, where the Lord was to appear, and serve the Lord. Thus Thilli's vanam [forest] became Thillai in due course. From Sri Vaikuntam, the Lord came to Thirumala. On His way to Srirangam, the Lord saw this place and decided to make it His abode. Thus He is called Sri Govinda Rajan.

perumal with tayar
ஸ்ரீ புண்டரீகவல்லி சமேத ஸ்ரீ கோவிந்தராஜன்
Alwar says the Lord here is none other than the Lord of Thirumala. By uttering Govinda, all our sins are erased. Go means speech, cow and earth. So He mainatains cows, creates earth and guards our speech. There is a sloka by Prahalada, which says that as we get up from bed in the morning we should chant the Divine name Govinda. It would guard the whole day and night. Prahalada was born among Asuras, who were opposed to the Lord. Similarly among Rakshasas, Vibheeshana was a noble one. Now sloka 30:

prahladas casmi daityanam
kalah kalayatam aham
mrganam ca mrgendro ’ham
vainateyas ca paksinam

"Among the Daitya demons I am the devoted Prahlada, among subduers I am time, among beasts I am the lion, and among birds I am Garuda."

Another Four groups are mentioned by the Lord. Daityanam = among Daityas. Kashyapa's wives were Dithi and Adithi. Adithi's children were all Devas and Asuras are the children of Dithi and so they are called Daityas. Among Daityas the Lord is Prahalada, who propagated the Divine name of the Lord among his clan. In spite of any harm done to him, Prahalada would never forget the Lord. He was like a lotus in fire. When he was pushed to fall down from a cliff, Prahalada was holding his chest firmly; not that he was afraid of any harm to him; but to guard against any harm to the Lord dwelling in his heart. He preached his father Hiranyakasipu about the nine methods of worshiping the Lord:

  1. Shravanam = listening to the stories of the Lord
  2. Keerthanam = singing His praise.
  3. Smaranam = meditating on Him.
  4. Padasevanam = serving at His feet.
  5. Archanam = performing pooja with flowers.
  6. Dasyam = being His servant.
  7. Vandanam = prostrating to the Lord.
  8. Sakhyam = being freindly with Him.
  9. Atmanivedanam = submitting our soul unto Him.
Kalayatam = among those who give troubles, Kala = god of Death. The god of Time or Kala decides the duration of life of an individual. Mruthyu takes out life from the body. God of Dharma, decides on the just punishments for the departed soul. Mrganam = among animals, mrgendra = lion, King of animals. Paksinam = among birds, the Lord is Vainateya =Garuda, son of Vinata.

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