Thursday, October 15, 2009

BG 18.50

Four Divya desams Tiru Neeragam, Ooragam, Kaaragam and Kaarvaanam are in the same temple premises.
49. TIRU OORAGAM திரு ஊரகம் :
perumal1.JPGHanumantha Vahanam2.JPG

The Lord here is Sri Ulagalanda Perumal [ஸ்ரீ உலகளந்த பெருமாள்]. The Divine idol is made of very intricate craftmanship. He graces with His right and left hands lifted up. Two fingers are stretched in the left hand and one finger is stretched in the right hand. As Sri Vamana, the Lord asked Emperor Maha Bali, to donate Three strides of earth, by His feet. By Two strides, He covered all the worlds; and, wanted to know where to place the Third step. This is depicted in the idol. Sri Aranavalli Thayar is gracing here. Not only as Sri Trivikrama, the Lord also appears as Sri Adisesha. The Lord grants all our desires. Pushkarini is Naga Theertham. It is believed that by presenting payasam [kheer or porridge], one is sure of achieving all desires.
50. TIRU NEERAGAM திரு நீரகம்:

By saying Neeragam, it is implied that the Lord is of hue of water [Tamil Neer நீர்]. The Lord is Sri Jagadeeswara Perumal. Sri Thayar is Sri Nilamangai Nacchiyar. The Lord, seeing our numerous sins, becomes hard; but, when we go and pray to Him, He shows His mercy and melts! Neermai [நீர்மை = liquidity] is simpleness or saulabhyam. He is very simple to be worshiped.
51. TIRU KAARAGAM திரு காரகம்:

The Lord, Sri Karunakara Perumal, is in standing pose and faces North. His Consorts are Sri Padmamani Nacchiyar and Sri Ramamani Nacchiyar. Tirumangai Alwar has praised the Lord of Kaaragam, Kaarvanam and Neeragam, combined in one single pasuram.
52. TIRU KAARVANAM திரு கார்வானம்:

Kaarvanam is Kaarmegam or black cloud. The sky holds the cloud. Like the sky, the Lord is spread all over and so impossible to be gauged. The Lord's qualities are infinite. The Lord can not be subject to one form or place or time. We can be present at one place only at one time. We also have only one form. But the Lord is not bound by all these parameters. He is present in all matter, pervading in and out and so can not be bound by a single form. The Lord is Sri Kaarvanatthullan [ஸ்ரீ கார்வானத்துள்ளான்].
53. TIRU PAVALAVANNAM திரு பவளவண்ணம்:

pavaLa vaNNan

We are now in Pavalavannam in Kanchipuram itself. Alwar says in his pasuram that he has been searching for Sri Pavalavanna. Are You beneath the ocean or up high on mountains ? Pavalam means coral or pravalam [प्रावलम] in Sanskrit. Does it mean that the Lord is in coral color, which is red? But, just now we saw that He was having sky hue? Yes, the Lord exhibits different colors in different yugs. In Kruta yug, He appears white. In Treta yug, He shows red color. In Dwapara yug, He is seen in dark blue color. In Kali yug, He is seen in black color. Here, the Lord appears as in Treta yug. He is in siiting pose, facing West. Pravala vimanam. Near this sannidhi is the sannidhi of Sri Pacchai Vannar.
54. TIRU PARAMESWARA VINNAGARAM திரு பரமேஸ்வர விண்ணகரம்:


Parameswara means leader of all leaders. Supreme Leader, with none above Him. This is a cave temple wth Three tiers. The Lord is Sri Paramapada Nathan, in sitting pose in one tier, standing pose in another tier and in reclining pose in the Third tier. Sri Thayar is Sri Vaikunthavalli Thayar. In the ground tier He is seated; in the next tier, He is Sri Ranganatha, reclining. Sage Bharadwaja had a son. He was fostered by the Lord Himself and when the Pallava King had no child, this son was given to him and later this son became Parameswara Pallava and did lots of service to the Lord. The Lord and the sculptures here are attractive.
Now we will see sloka 58 of Chapter 18:

maccittaḥ sarvadurgāṇi matprasādat tariṣyasi
atha cet tvam ahaṃkārān na śroṣyasi vinaṅkṣyasi 18.58

In this sloka the Lord talks about a positive thought and a negative thought. What one would gain by following what the Lord advised; and, what loss would occue, if His advice were neglected. In the last sloka, the Lord told that Arjuna [as also us] should have, always, Him in the mind while doing duty. Arjuna's doubt was that while Nitya karma, Naimittika karma, Para Bhakti, Para Gyana and Parama Bhakti were means for Moksham, how fighting a war would fetch Moksham? The Lord said that he could get Moksham, provided the karma was done with the Three Tyagas and dedicating the result to the Lord. Also, mind should be involved in the Lord. Macchitta = [if] mind was involved in Me [Sri Krishna] [while doing the karma], tarisyasi = cross over, sarvadurgani = all impediments or obstacles. Obstacles are those which involve us in samsaram. Matprasadat = by My [Sri Krishna's] blessings. That is, by doing karma with the Three Tyagas and dedicating the result to the Lord, and when the mind is full of thoughts of Him alone, then the Lord takes interest and accepting that the person was following His advice, He would ensure by blessing the person to cross all obstacles in samsaram and reach Him. Atha cet = otherwise [neglecting His advice], tvam = you [Arjuna], ahankaran = with ego [of false belief that the self knew what was good or not], na srosyasi = not heeding [to the advice of the Lord], vinanksyasi = [you will] perish. That is not following the Lord's advice would cause endless rebirths and sufferings in samsaram. Following His advice would free us from the samsaram bondage; otherwise, will suffer for ever. That is, by thinking that we could decide our destiny, and negligence of the Lord's advice, would cause destruction. We would have forgotten that atman is ever servant of the Lord. We have no capacity to save ourselves and only the Lord could help. Only the Lord was capable of destroying all our enemies in samsaram. Therefore, we should be convinced that we have to seek His help and followed His advice.

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