91. TIRUMALIRUNCHOLAI [AZHAGAR KOIL] திரு மாலிருஞ்சோலை[அழகர்கோயில்]:
We have been listening to Kannanin Aaramudu program. Gita is Amrut and Sri Krishna, Who gave Gita, is Amrut of Amrut! That Amrut is beautiful! Who will not be willing to enjoy beauty? The Lord is gracing as Beauty personified! Yes, we have come to Tirumaliruncholai, where the Lord is called Sri Kallazhagr, as Sri Sundara Bahu [ஸ்ரீ சுந்தர பாகு] [Sri Sundara Tholudayan ஸ்ரீ சுந்தர தோளுடையான்] and as Sri Paramaswamy. Nammalwar advises all to go to Azhagar malai and worship Sri Kallazhagar,before losing youth! Here we can see Noopura Ganga or Silambaru [சிலம்பாறு]. When the Lord took Sri Trivikrama Avatar, lord Brahma washed the toe of the foot of the Lord, that entered Satya loka, by water from his kamandalu [pot]. Part of the water splashed on the anklet worn on His ankle. Water dropped from the anklet, is Silambaru, flowing in Tirumaliruncholai hill. Sri Moolavar is called Sri Paramaswamy. He is gracing with Five weapons. Sri Utsavar is Sri Sundara Bahu, as Sri Azhagar and as Sri Kallazhagar [Tamil azhaguஅழகு = beauty]. Sri Sundaravalli Thayar is gracing all here. The Lord is gracing here as prayed by Yama, who meditated here. The Lord got a temple built for Himself, by Vishvakarma. In Srivaishnava sampradaya, this place is known as South Tirumala. On Chitra Pournami day, Sri Kallazhagar descending into Vaigai river bed, is a magnum opus festival in Madurai. Millions of people gather and worship the Lord on that day. At the entrance of the temple is Padhinettam Padi Karuppanna Swami is gracing as the guard.
92. TIRU MOGUR திரு மோகூர்:
The Lord is Sri Kalamega Perumal [ஸ்ரீ காளமேக பெருமாள்]. This place is called Mohana Kshetram, which has transformed into Mogur. During the Samudra Manthan [ocean churning], the Lord took the form of a beautiful damsel, Sri Mohini and distributed Amrut to Devas. The same Sri Mohini is gracing as Sri Kalamega Perumal here! Kalamegam means dark clouds, ready to shower. Similarly, the Lord is waiting to shower His grace on the devotees. For any Jeevatman, on the way via archiradi marg, to Vaikuntam, the Lord here accompanies and so He is also called Sri Margha Bhandu or Sri Vazhi Thunai Perumal [ஸ்ரீ வழித் துணை பெருமாள்] or Sri Aaptan [ஸ்ரீ ஆப்தன்]. Sri Thayar is Sri Tirumogurvalli. As prayed by sage Pulastya, the Lord is gracing as Sri Parkkadal Nathan. Tiru Mogur is famous for Sri Chakkarattalwar [Sri Sudarsana]. He blesses all with longevity and health.
93. TIRU KOSHTIYUR திருக் கோஷ்டியூர் :
Here all Devas assembled n ghoshti [group] to have Darshan of the Lord and so it is Tiru [Gh]Koshtiyur. Here we can see Ashtanga vimanam, climbing which Swami Ramanuja preached the meaning of Charama sloka of Gita [we are to see it in due course], to those desirous. Sri Moolavar is Sri Uraga Mellanaiyan [ஸ்ரீ உரக மெல்லனையான்] aka Sri Madhava Perumal. Sri Utsavar is Sri Sowmya Narayana Perumal. Sri Thayar is Sri Tirumamagal Nacchiyar [ஸ்ரீ திருமாமகள் நாச்சியார்]. On Three tiers in the temple, we can worship the Lord in standing, sitting and reclining poses. Alwar says that the garment, food and other articles used by the person, who has not visited the temple here, have sinned!
94. TIRU PULLANI திருப் புல்லாணி :
We can come from Madurai to Rameswaram, near which is Tiru Pullani. Pul [புல் grass] + anai [அணை bed], that is pullanai has become Pullani. Here, Sri Rama spread grass and laid down for Three days and requested Samudra Raja to make way for Him to reach Lanka and rescue Sri Sita. But Samudra Raja did not oblige and so the Sethu bridge was constructed. Alwar wonders as to how with the help of monkeys and squirrels, the Lord could build a bridge in Five days! The Lord here is Sri Aadi Jagannatha Perumal, worshiped by Dasarata. He was gracing this place much before Sri Darbha Sayana Perumal [Sri Rama]. Here Three sages Pullava, Kannuva and Kalava prayed the Lord and He graced as Sri Aswatta Narayana. Sri Thayar is Sri Padmasani Thayar and Sri Utsavar is Sri Kalyana Jagannatha Perumal. In Srimad Ramayana it is said that by bathing in or by sprinkling Sethu water or by just seeing Sethu, one's sins are all destroyed.
95. TIRU MEYYAM திரு மெய்யம் :
The Lord Sri Satya Murty, Sri Satya Nathan is gracing from Satya giri. We should all speak truth and that is the effect of Gita. Adisesha prayed the Lord that sattva quality should flourish in him and so the Lord is gracing. Tirumangai Alwar has praised this place. There was a sage Satya in Himalayas; the Lord asked him to leave Himalayas and go to a place marked by Him to meditate. The sage came here and meditated. With this we complete tour of all 18 Pandya Naadu Kshetrams and we have to go to tour Vada Naadu [North Region] Kshetrams. The Sixth Kshetram for today is, Tiru Venkatam [Tirumala], and is reserved for tomorrow [13th October 2009].
Now, we will see summary of Chapter 3. Swami Alavandar has compressed the essence of Chapter 3, in one sloka:
asakty¯a lokaraks.¯ayai gun.es.v¯aropya kartr. t¯am |
sarve´svare va¯ nyasyokta¯ t.rt¯ıye karmaka¯ryata¯(7)
Sri Krishna tells in Third Chapter, that Karma yoga will straight away fetch atman sakshatkaram. All can not practice Gyana yoga; but everyone can practice Karma yoga. As a new born child, it kicks, cries and crawls, exhibiting Karma. Can any new born child start meditating? Habitual is Karma yoga. We can never slip from Karma yoga. A little of control of sense organs would enable to practice Karma yoga. It can continue even in next births. So, never abandon Karma yoga. In 3.8, the Lord says that one had to perform one's assigned duty. Because Arjuna got the doubt in 3.1, that when Gyana yoga is next step to Karma yoga and is responsible for atman sakshatkaram, why not Arjuna directly start from the penultimate step of Gyana yoga to have atman sakshatkaram? Why to practice Karma yoga unnecessarily? Sri Krishna replied that while Gyana yoga fetched atman sakshatkaram, could Arjuna jump to Gyana yoga without touching Karma yoga? To reach college level, one had to pass +2 exam. Can one ask that one would skip all previous classes and directly write +2 exams? In fact, there are persons who skip all higher classes and are successful in life. Similarly, Arjuna could avoid Gyana yoga, and Karma yoga itself would fetch him atman sakshatkaram! Chapter 3 is named Karma Yogam. Sri Krishna asks Arjuna to do his Karma. He should remember that such action is not done, only by him; Sattvam, Rajas and Tamas qualities induce him [3.27]. Prakruti induces one to do Karma. If we are horse, reins is the Three qualities and the Lord is the Rider! The Lord advised Arjuna to do Karma, dedicating it to the Lord. In 3.30, He advises that while doing Karma, he should abandon the feeling that he was doing, the Karma was done for him and desire for results. Dedicate the Karma to Him and do the Karma. In 3.37, He said that kama and krodha were his real enemies, and vanquishing them was not easy. These have been generated by rajo quality in him. He advised Arjuna to practice to destroy those enemies, and not Drona or Duryodana. Thus, Karma yoga would straight away fetch atman sakshatkaram, and Karma yoga has to be practiced with the Three Tyagas. Karma yoga should be dedicated to the Lord.